Who pays and who benefits from a massive expansion of solar power?

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/423896/original/file-20210929-22-1f71h5l.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=12%2C0%2C4181%2C2640&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Aerial view of the 6-megawatt Stanton Solar Farm near Orlando, Fla.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/the-6-megawatt-stanton-solar-farm-outside-of-orlando-news-photo/1235129161″>Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>Electricity generation produces <a href=”https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions”>a quarter of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions</a> that <a href=”https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/greenhouse-gases”>drive climate change</a>. The electric grid also is highly vulnerable to climate change effects, such as more frequent and severe…

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Avoiding water bankruptcy in the drought-troubled Southwest: What the US and Iran can learn from each other

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/423649/original/file-20210928-26-1iut91f.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=18%2C9%2C6211%2C4138&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>In some drought-stricken parts of the Southwest, water arrives by truck.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/an-elderly-member-of-the-navajo-nation-receives-her-monthly-news-photo/1154270592″>Spencer Platt/Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>The 2021 <a href=”https://www.ausableriver.org/blog/what-water-year”>water year</a> ends on Sept. 30, and it was another hot, dry year in the western U.S., with <a href=”https://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/data/png/20210921/20210921_usdm.png”>almost the entire region in drought</a>. Reservoirs vital for farms, communities and <a href=”https://www.usbr.gov/lc/region/g4000/riverops/crss-5year-projections.html”>hydropower</a>…

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How Sen. Joe Manchin’s support for natural gas could derail Biden’s US climate plan

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/423048/original/file-20210923-16-1vi9itz.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=16%2C0%2C3567%2C2328&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Sen. Joe Manchin, a Democrat from the coal state of West Virginia, is in a powerful position for directing the nation&#39;s climate future.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/senator-joe-manchin-is-surrounded-by-reporters-as-he-heads-news-photo/1233339223?adppopup=true”>Samuel Corum/Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p><em>President Joe Biden has a goal for all U.S. electricity to come from zero-carbon sources by 2035. To get there, he’s counting on Congress…

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Big fires demand a big response: How 1910’s Big Burn can help us think smarter about fighting wildfires and living with fire

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/420168/original/file-20210909-26-185rkik.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Before satellites, fire crews watched for smoke from fire towers across the national forests.</span> <span class=”attribution”><span class=”source”>K. D. Swan, U.S. Forest Service</span></span></figcaption></figure><p>Over <a href=”https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5444731.pdf”>two days in the summer of 1910</a>, wildfires roared across the bone-dry forests of the inland Northwestern U.S., the Rockies, and parts of British Columbia. Whole towns burned. The…

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Mexican communities manage their local forests, generating benefits for humans, trees and wildlife

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/423040/original/file-20210923-13-f923j4.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=23%2C3%2C2592%2C1718&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Jungle near the Palenque ruins, Chiapas, Mexico.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://flic.kr/p/BxuihE”>Lawrence Murray/Flickr</a>, <a class=”license” href=”http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/”>CC BY</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>The United Nations is preparing to host pivotal conferences in the coming months on two global crises: <a href=”https://unfccc.int/process-and-meetings/conferences/glasgow-climate-change-conference”>climate change</a> and <a href=”https://www.unep.org/events/conference/un-biodiversity-conference-cop-15″>biodiversity loss</a>. As experts have pointed out, these issues are fundamentally, inescapably intertwined. In both…

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What goes into a disaster kit and go-bag? Here’s a checklist for everything from hurricanes to wildfires and other storms

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/423176/original/file-20210924-46085-151tka5.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=0%2C8%2C5760%2C3802&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Disasters can happen anywhere at any time. Be prepared.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/photo/emergency-preparedness-checklist-and-disaster-royalty-free-image/487436104″>fstop123 via Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>When disasters hit, they can mean days to weeks without power, and sometimes they allow just enough time to grab a bag of supplies and go. Now is the time to prepare, well before the disaster is…

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Long power outages after disasters aren’t inevitable – but to avoid them, utilities need to think differently

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/423016/original/file-20210923-18-1fbqkfc.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=23%2C15%2C5112%2C3392&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Power poles downed by Hurricane Ida in Houma, Louisiana, Aug. 30, 2021.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/power-line-poles-are-seen-downed-by-hurricane-ida-in-houma-news-photo/1234971730″>Nick Wagner/Xinhua via Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>A busy 2021 Atlantic hurricane season is in full swing. The year’s 18th named storm, Sam, <a href=”https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/refresh/graphics_at3+shtml/145652.shtml?cone#contents”>has become a hurricane</a>. Meanwhile, some residents in the parts of Louisiana hit hardest by Hurricane…

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Arctic sea ice hits its minimum extent for the year – 2 NASA scientists explain what’s driving the overall decline

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/421708/original/file-20210916-23-atpwul.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=25%2C783%2C2890%2C1877&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Arctic sea ice has been declining overall since NASA began tracking it by satellite in the 1970s.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/photo/wintery-top-down-aerial-view-of-red-ice-breaker-royalty-free-image/1021628872″>Miemo Penttinen</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>September marks the end of the summer sea ice melt season and the <a href=”https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/quickfacts/seaice.html”>Arctic sea ice</a> minimum, when sea ice over the Northern Hemisphere ocean reaches its lowest extent of…

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Combatting an invisible killer: New WHO air pollution guidelines recommend sharply lower limits

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/422536/original/file-20210922-23-i9xct.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=55%2C99%2C4071%2C2683&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>New Delhi has had days with air pollution levels nearly 30 times the old World Health Organization guidelines.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/indian-schoolchildren-cover-their-faces-as-they-walk-to-news-photo/871511920″>Sajjad Hussain/AFP via Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>Air pollution is the world’s fourth leading cause of death, contributing to <a href=”http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30752-2″>about 13 premature deaths</a> every minute. The gases and tiny particles <a href=”https://journal.chestnet.org/article/S0012-3692(18)32722-3/fulltext”>can travel</a>…

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Fall means more deer on the road: 4 ways time of day, month and year raise your risk of crashes

<figure><img src=”https://images.theconversation.com/files/422435/original/file-20210921-23-1p1nd4v.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&amp;rect=0%2C0%2C4832%2C3216&amp;q=45&amp;auto=format&amp;w=1440&amp;fit=clip” /><figcaption><span class=”caption”>Deer cross roads whenever they wish, but some time periods are higher risk than others.</span> <span class=”attribution”><a class=”source” href=”https://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/deer-stands-on-a-road-painted-with-fire-retardant-during-news-photo/1006863216″>Josh Edelson/AFP via Getty Images</a></span></figcaption></figure><p>Autumn is here, and that means the risk of hitting deer on rural roads and highways is rising, especially around dusk and during a full moon.</p> <p>Deer cause over 1…

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